Oral Pathology


The inside of the mouth is normally lined with a special type of skin (mucosa) that is smooth and coral pink in color. Any alteration in this appearance could be a warning sign for a pathological process. The most serious of these is oral cancer. The following can be signs at the beginning of an oral pathologic process or cancerous growth:

  • >> Reddish patches (erythroplakia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth
  • >> A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily
  • >> A lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth
  • >> Chronic sore throat or hoarseness
  • >> Difficulty in chewing or swallowing

These changes can be detected on the lips, cheeks, palate and gum tissue around the teeth, tongue, face and/or neck. Pain does not always occur with oral pathology, and curiously, is not often associated with oral cancer. However, any patient with facial and/or oral pain without an obvious cause or reason may also be at risk for oral cancer.

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